Steven Palter, M.D., an assistant professor of gynaecology and obstetrics at the Yale School of Medicine, explained in a presentation during the recent Global Congress of Gynaecologic Endoscopy in Orlando, Florida, that he has performed five endoscopic procedures with HDTV.
An endoscope is an instrument that visually examines the interior of a bodily canal or hollow organ such as the colon, bladder or stomach. A camera on the endoscope sends the image to a processing unit. The unit then relays the picture to a recorder, which projects the image onto a screen or monitor to guide the physician.
HDTV is popular because its three-dimensional effect increases the sense of realism for the viewer. Until today, HDTV cameras have been prohibitively large and expensive, making them unfit for surgical endoscopy. A specially designed miniaturised HDTV camera system, together with high definition upgrades in the accompanying processing and projection systems, were used in these procedures.
Four of the procedures, performed by Dr. Palter, were laparoscopies, which involve making a tiny incision in the abdomen and inserting an endoscope to view the internal organs. This procedure is often used in tubal ligations and gall bladder removals. The fifth procedure was a hysteroscopy, in which the endoscope is inserted through the vagina into the uterus.
"As far as we know, this technology has never been applied in this way before", commented Dr. Palter, who spoke at a special plenary session about how digital technology will change medicine in the future. "We carried out a series of selected cases using the equipment, and they were all successful. The system provided the best images we have ever seen."
In addition to HDTV, topics at the special session also included virtual reality simulators and Internet streaming video. Special HDTV projectors were used to project images from Dr. Palter's surgeries for the conference audience to see. "High definition television provides more than double the previous resolution, from less than 500 lines to more than 1000 lines", stated Dr. Palter. "It is like looking through a window. It is that clear."
More and more surgical procedures are being conducted through endoscopy because it results in a more rapid recovery for the patient. The incisions are smaller, and, as a result, the costs are lower since it eliminates or minimises the need for hospitalisation.
"When you use HDTV in surgery, you are able to see tiny details and structures which were not visible before", Dr. Palter added. "We believe that this approach will translate into increased accuracy, decreased errors and reduced surgeon fatigue, which are the advantages of the HDTV system."