European Space Agency takes its Telemedicine via Satellite road map one step further
Frascati 13 July 2004How can space improve telemedicine and what do users need? These are some of the questions that were discussed by telemedicine experts and policy makers at the one-day "Telemedicine via Satellite: the ESA Road Map" Symposium, on 5 July at ESA's European Space Research Institute, ESRIN in Italy. The European Space Agency (ESA) is one step nearer to establishing a Telemedicine via Satellite Programme thanks to a constructive meeting with telemedicine experts who reported on the work that had been done since the last meeting a year ago and to decide on the way forward.
At the meeting were representatives of the World Health Organisation (WHO), industry, and doctors and administrators directly involved in the health sector. This is in line with ESA's policy to involve end users and associated stakeholders from the very beginning. As ESA director Claudio Mastracci reminded the Symposium: "ESA is in listening mode".
Much has been done since the first symposium on Telemedicine via Satellite in the Information Society in May 2003. As a first step a multi-disciplinary and multinational working group of medical professionals was set up to define the needs of eHealth and telemedicine, and to discuss the telecommunication services that such a system requires. Throughout its work the group has been carefully monitored to ensure that its aims concord with the objectives of the European Commission and the World Health Organisation, as well as other international bodies promoting eHealth and telemedicine.
ESA's emphasis on end users is also visible in the make-up of the working group, nearly all of whom are directly involved in health care. For a year now they have been working to lay the foundations for a future ESA Programme on Telemedicine via Satellite. Discussions took place between participants and members of the working group who reported on the eight areas of telemedicine under study.
interconnectivity for health care services: information exchange among health care centres and issues related to electronic health records
services for citizens: recent and future changes in the attitude of Europe's citizens towards information and communications technologies for health care
health care at home: the control and treatment of a patient's medical conditions within their own homes and communities
mobility: ensuring high standards of health care during travel, in areas that are difficult to reach and also for access to health care on transport systems such as planes, ships or ambulances
management of trauma, emergencies and disasters: provision of health care in the aftermath of natural or industrial disasters
early warning of environmental health risks: preventing or limiting the spread of diseases related to climatic or environmental changes
eHealth education: using information and communication technology to improve medical training among the medical profession as well as knowledge of health care among citizens
vision for eHealth and telemedicine via satellite: the future of health care and the shift from disease management to health preservation
A number of telemedicine projects are already up and working in a number of countries. During the day, two pilot projects that receive ESA funding and benefit from satellite telecommunications were on show. One of these was a Canadian project for home telehealth visits. Through the use of the home television and a wireless health monitoring kit, nurses are able to check the health of their patients from their office or even from their home.
Results so far show that nurses are able to "visit" 16 to 20 patients a day instead of the 6 to 8 home visits they carried out previously. There are also financial savings as they have no travelling, and they have less paperwork as data is transferred electronically from patient to nurse. Patients also benefit, particularly those living in remote areas, as they no longer have to leave their homes to receive health care. Increased monitoring has also led to fewer hospital referrals.
The other demonstration on view was a fully equipped ambulance for use in emergencies. This pilot project, called NESA for Next Generation Emergency Satellite Assistance, is about to begin in the Italian town of Vicenza. It will enable ambulance staff called to the scene of an accident to send via satellite information, including Xrays, to a central medical centre. With this information the centre can carry out an initial diagnosis and send the information on to the most suitable medical centre for that particular patient. This saves time which is vital in an emergency, as the ambulance goes directly to the correct medical centre which is ready and waiting for its arrival.
Telemedicine is an area where the technology is ahead of the ability or the will to put it into practice. The goal to work for is a global telemedicine service so that all citizens, wherever they may be, can be assured of receiving the best quality treatment available. Satellite telecommunications have much to offer as in remote areas, in emergencies and on planes and ships, they are the best, if not the only, means of ensuring the transmission of data in real time. Telemedicine can also help to remove the digital divide by providing access to good medical services and training to doctors and health care workers in all areas of the globe resulting in equality of service for all.
Before this can be accomplished, however, there are a number of legal, financial, social, technical and security aspects that need to be worked on. Even before a European-wide system can be put into operation questions of interoperability need to be resolved so that the systems used in different countries are compatible. Last but not least, the political will to iron out these problems is needed. Taking into account the opinions voiced at the symposium, the working group is now finalising its report in order to present an ESA Programme on Telemedicine via Satellite to the ESA Council next year.
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