With funding from the Waitt Family Foundation, the scientists will establish 10 centres around the world and will study more than 100.000 DNA samples from indigenous populations. The project is expected to reveal rich details about global human migratory history and to drive new understanding about the connections and differences that make up the human species.
"We see this as the moon shot of anthropology, using genetics to fill in the gaps in our knowledge of human history", stated project leader Spencer Wells. "Our DNA carries a story that is shared by everyone. Over the next five years we'll be deciphering that story, which is now in danger of being lost as people migrate and mix to a much greater extent than they have in the past."
The resulting public database will house one of the largest collections of human population genetic information ever assembled and will serve as an unprecedented resource for geneticists, historians and anthropologists.
Members of the general public are able to participate in the Genographic Project by purchasing a kit and allowing their own results to be included in the database. Individuals will be able to follow the progress of their own migratory history as well as the global research by logging on to the web site of National Geographic.
"National Geographic has been exploring and mapping the world for 117 years", stated John Fahey, President and CEO of the National Geographic Society. "Now, as a result of our remarkable partnership with IBM and Spencer Wells, we are deploying state-of-the-art science and technology to map our journey across the planet. We hope this ambitious and important project will increase our understanding and appreciation of our shared history. The field science work, so generously supported by the Waitt Family Foundation, will go into a virtual museum of human history."
"IBM and National Geographic are embarking on a historic expedition into our collective past", stated Samuel J. Palmisano, chairman and CEO of IBM. "Our two organisations have long contributed to scientific exploration and achievement, extending in different ways the boundaries of human knowledge and understanding. We continue this tradition of innovation that matters for the world and welcome the participation of the hundreds of thousands of people who will join in this amazing journey."
Scientists from IBM's Computational Biology Center, one of the world's foremost life sciences research facilities, will use advanced analytical technologies and data sorting techniques to interpret the samples and to discover new patterns and connections within the data they contain. IBM is also providing the core computational knowledge and infrastructure that will manage the hundreds of thousands of genotype codes being analysed by the Genographic Project.
"The more we can improve our understanding of the common origin and journey of humankind, the greater the possibility for all of us to see each other as members of the same family", stated Ted Waitt, founder of the Waitt Family Foundation. "And with that awareness, we can find ways to live and work together on a global basis."
The Genographic Project has three core components. Field research consists of collecting DNA samples and field research with indigenous populations is central to the project. Blood samples from indigenous populations, whose DNA contains key genetic markers that have remained relatively unaltered over hundreds of generations, are reliable indicators of ancient migratory patterns. Spencer Wells and a consortium of scientists from prominent international institutions will conduct the field and laboratory research. An international advisory board will oversee the selection of indigenous populations for testing as well as adhering to strict sampling and research protocols.
A public participation and awareness campaign will be set up. The public can take part by purchasing a Participation Kit, at U.S. $99,95 plus shipping and handling, and submitting their own cheek swab samples, allowing them to track the overall progress of the project as well as learn their own migratory history. These personal results will be stored securely and anonymously to ensure the privacy of participants. National Geographic and IBM will regularly update the public and the scientific community on project findings, by such means as the Web site and National Geographic's many other media platforms worldwide. A television programme, "The Search for Adam", will air in the United States on the National Geographic Channel Explorer series and around the world on the National Geographic Channel. Public participation may be restricted in some countries, such as China and India, where the export of genetic materials requires government approval. The Genographic Project will work with relevant authorities to achieve the broadest level of public participation possible.
The Genographic Legacy Project proceeds from the sale of the Genographic Participation Kits. These will help fund future field research and a legacy project, which will build on National Geographic's focus on world cultures. The legacy project will support education and cultural preservation projects among participating indigenous groups.