Working with the renowned Scripps Research Institute, a private, non-profit research organisation engaged in basic biomedical science based in San Diego, World Community Grid will host its second major project - the Internet-based FightAIDS@Home, an evolutionary research project dedicated to finding new AIDS therapies.
The new World Community Grid initiative will deploy massive computer power to develop novel chemical strategies effective in the treatment of HIV-infected individuals in the face of evolving drug resistance in the virus. Developing new, more robust therapies to prevent the onset of AIDS in individuals infected with HIV will be the focus of the Olson Laboratory project at The Scripps Research Institute.
"The computational challenges in approaching this problem are the vast number of possible mutations that may occur, and the huge number of possible chemical compounds that might be tested against them", stated Dr. Arthur J. Olson, Anderson Research Chair Professor, Department of Molecular Biology at The Scripps Research Institute. "The new World Community Grid project will run millions upon millions of docking computations to evaluate potential interactions between compounds and mutant viral proteins."
World Community Grid offers individuals and businesses, foundations, associations, universities, and not-for-profit organisations the opportunity to donate the idle and unused time on a computer by downloading World Community Grid's free software and registering at www.worldcommunitygrid.org. Fast, easy, safe and secure, more than 100.000 individuals are now volunteering power from 170.000 computers to help find a cure for AIDS through World Community Grid.
"AIDS is perhaps the most devastating epidemic of our time. Its growing impact on the developing nations of the world is both tragic and destabilizing", stated World Community Grid Advisory Board Member David Baltimore, the Nobel Prize biologist and president of the California Institute of Technology. "Through World Community Grid, individuals in all parts of the globe can participate in helping develop effective, inexpensive and robust therapies against HIV and potentially reverse the downward health and economic impacts of this epidemic."
The goal of FightAIDS@Home is to design new therapeutic approaches that are effective in the treatment of AIDS in the face of viral drug resistance. The pool of potential drug molecules, as well as that of possible mutant HIV proteins that may evolve, is enormous. World Community Grid's massive computing power will address the prediction of relevant interactions between these two pools of molecules to design effective AIDS therapies.
FightAIDS@Home is the second project that will take advantage of the enormous computational power offered by World Community Grid. In the past year, the Human Proteome Folding Project on World Community Grid has produced a database that describes the structure of approximately 120.000 protein domains that could not be described previously using traditional approaches. Using only the supercomputers at the Institute for Systems Biology, it would have taken about 100 years to compute the protein structures rather than one year on World Community Grid. The significance of this project to the research community is that this database of protein structures will help scientists take the next steps to understanding how diseases that involve these proteins work and, ultimately, how to cure diseases like cancer, malaria and others. The results of the Human Proteome Folding project will be entered into the public domain so that scientists and researchers can use the information in their own studies.
"We are very excited to bring the power of World Community Grid to this important research initiative", stated Linda Sanford, chairman of World Community Grid's Advisory Board and IBM senior vice president of Enterprise On Demand Transformation & Information Technology. "World Community Grid is an extremely valuable resource for organisations focusing on some of society's most difficult challenges, and we will continue to actively engage with other institutions that are looking to use this asset for innovative research."
Launched in November 2004, World Community Grid is a global humanitarian effort that applies the unused computing power of individual and business computers to help the world's most difficult and societal problems. Today, more than 100.000 members are running World Community Grid on more than 170.000 computers around the world.
There are more than 650 million PCs in use around the world, each a potential participant in World Community Grid. Grid computing is a rapidly emerging technology than can bring together the collective power of thousands or millions of individual computers to create a giant "virtual" system with massive computational strength. Grid technology provides processing power far in excess of the world's largest supercomputers.
"We are excited to see a new and innovative way of getting millions of people involved in supporting research, prevention and care to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS", stated Candy Ferret, President and CEO, National AIDS Fund. "World Community Grid is helping to reduce the impact of AIDS around the world in a way we can all be a part of. We encourage all computer owners to take five minutes to join in this effort."
The Scripps Research Institute, headquartered in La Jolla, California, in 15 buildings on 10 acres overlooking the Pacific Ocean, is one of the world's largest independent, non-profit biomedical research organisations. It stands at the forefront of basic biomedical science that seeks to comprehend the most fundamental processes of life. Scripps Research is internationally recognized for its research into immunology, molecular and cellular biology, chemistry, neurosciences, auto-immune, cardiovascular, and infectious diseases, and synthetic vaccine development. It also operates a campus in Jupiter, Florida.
More news on the World Community Grid is available in the VMW September 2005 article Fleet Science Center joins World Community Grid.