The crisis management team can consult the personal information contained in the database remotely from the crisis centre and immediately implement the required measures. Hospitals and other crisis support centres also have access to the medical information stored in the database, thus allowing them to prepare for the arrival and subsequent treatment of the disaster victims.
BeViTTS was showcased at the University Hospital in Antwerp by Prof. Dr. Luc Beaucourt, head of the hospital's emergency department and medical assistance director of the provincial disaster plan. "In the event of a disaster, the efficient collection and rapid forwarding of clear, accurate information to the right persons or authorities is literally a matter of life and death", stated Dr. Beaucourt. "The first hour after a trauma, which is generally known in the industry as the Golden Hour, is crucial in defining the path of the subsequent treatment process. For this reason, it is vital that the victims of a disaster, particularly the seriously injured, receive the right treatment quickly. For that reason, a quick, correct identification and registration procedure, preferably at the scene of the disaster itself, is indispensable. The closest emergency services and hospitals with the required capacity and medical provisions also have to be given adequate warning and accurate information. Not to mention the family of the victims and the residents in the vicinity of the disaster."
"Today, the gathering of information and communication between emergency services at the scene often leaves a great deal to be desired", stated Cisco's John Baekelmans, Business Development Manager, who is himself a volunteer lieutenant with the local fire department in Kontich. "The limited or non-automated, manual approach to disaster management and the continued reliance upon paper correspondence over electronic data processing result in costly delays. Furthermore, the risk of human error is significantly increased, sometimes with fatal consequences. With today's short yet nonetheless true-to-life demonstration, we hope to show that there is another way. The technical tools needed to improve the efficiency of disaster relief, and thus save valuable human lives, are already available and have already even been implemented in other countries."
The core of the Belgian Victim Tracking and Tracing System is the Cisco 3200 Series Wireless and Mobile Router, also called the Mobile Access Router (MAR). This is a compact, robust and extremely flexible device that is suitable for creating a wireless network connection in and around vehicles. The device can support many different network connections, both fixed and wireless, and can automatically switch from one to the other. If there are several available connections, the intelligent router automatically chooses the connection that guarantees most bandwidth.
Cisco Systems developed the Victim Tracking and Tracing System in close co-operation with other technology providers. AeroScout provides the active WiFi standards-based active RFID tags, and Choke Point Exciters for detecting entry and exit from hospitals, CITS the back end and portal infrastructure, Orion Health is the vendor of the Portal and integration software CITS used, as a platform, to develop the BeViTTS Portal and Intermec the system's wireless RFID reader. The most important source of inspiration was the Dutch Victim Tracking and Tracing System, for which Cisco also provided the technology. The system, which has been thoroughly tested in the Netherlands over the past few years, is now officially being put into practice over there.
While the Dutch emergency services still utilise the traditional bar code for registering and locating victims, the Belgian consortium has opted for the newer RFID technology. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) allows objects, animals or people to be identified using radio waves. The AeroScout tags utilise the Cisco wireless network for the hospital and eliminate the need for a dedicated location network and provide a scalable and easy to manage solution. The technology is especially suitable for environments or situations in which data collection is extremely difficult and unpredictable and where there can be no guarantee that a barcode will remain clearly visible.
The Belgian Victim Tracking and Tracing System not only has a Dutch equivalent. Tests are also currently being conducted in Germany incorporating GPS and GPRS technology for the registration and tracking of disaster victims. The information obtained via the GPS tracking system is available in real time for transmission to the back end via GPRS messages sent via the existing network.
John Baekelmans, Cisco Systems expects that all these inherently related initiatives with a national and thus relatively limited character, will form the basis for a more comprehensive project of European dimensions. "Such a project could lead, in a relatively short period of time, to the definition of a standard or a new XML format for data exchange in the event of a disaster or crisis situation", he concluded.
AeroScout provides award-winning enterprise visibility solutions that utilize Wi-Fi wireless networking standards to deliver accurate location-based solutions. The AeroScout system includes real-time location services (RTLS), long range active RFID, telemetry and choke-point visibility, all in a single integrated cost-effective infrastructure. AeroScout's standards-based applications locate valuable assets and people in indoor and outdoor environments, enabling customers in numerous industries to drive revenues and cut costs. AeroScout is a privately held company based in San Mateo, California.
More Cisco news is available in the VMW December 2005 article Tandberg teams with Cisco on advanced collaborative care solution using highly secure, real-time visual communication.