VMW Monthly - November 2008 - ISSN 1388-722X



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University of Cyprus - Department of Computer Science - Job Announcement

Vacancy for a Special Scientist in the area of e-Learning

The Department of Computer Science of the University of Cyprus announces a position for a Special Scientist within the research project "Tooling of and Training for Collaborative, Distributed Product Innovation" (idSpace), which is being funded by IST of FP7.

The position is available immediately and until the end of March 2010. The annual starting salary for a Research Scientist will be within the scale of 18.000-22.000 euro and will depend on qualifications and prior experience.

Innovative design is characterized by an intense, collaborative process of generating and exploring ideas meant to contribute to the solution of particular problems. Innovators go through cycles of divergence, in which new ideas are generated and explored, and convergence, in which new ideas are valued and detailed. The idSpace project will design and build a responsive web-based environment that will offer an integrated suite of knowledge eliciting and sharing tools, and create a collective, sharable memory to support the entire innovative design process.

A suitable candidate for the above position should have a degree in Computer Science or related field and post graduate studies related to one or more of the following areas: Context Awareness, Adaptive Systems, Ontologies, User Modelling, E-Learning, Collaborative Learning. Candidates should also have experience in conducting research, possess good programming skills, and be fluent in the use of the English language. Applicants need not be citizens of the Republic of Cyprus. Knowledge of the Greek language, although considered a practical advantage, is by no means a requirement. The research activities pursued by the successful applicant can lead to the earning of a Ph.D. if s/he so wishes. Due to the involvement of the successful candidate in using cutting edge technologies, this post is also suitable for a post doc position.

Anyone interested in this vacancy is kindly asked to contact us (preferably electronically) as soon as possible at the address below and provide us with a CV together with a short description of his/her research interests and background. Submitted documents may be written in Greek or English. Please send all relevant information to Professor George A. Papadopoulos, E-Mail: george@cs.ucy.ac.cy, Tel: +357-22-892693, Fax: +357-22-892701.

Virtual Medical Worlds is a monthly Virtual Magazine on Telemedicine and High Performance Computing and Networking for readers interested in computer applications in medical environments. VMW is produced by an editorial team composed of professionals in publishing, and an advisory board with professionals in telemedicine, providing the embedding into the everyday practice and research. Check out the VMW Web site for the calendar of events, the various services, and the friendly advertising rates.

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Contents November 2008 Issue

 
Cross-Atlantic state-of-the-art
 
Centre established to offer on-line medical education and videoconferencing to world's physicians
Human Microbiome Project awards funds for technology development, data analysis and ethical research
Georgetown University Medical Center and Oak Ridge National Labs announce unique research partnership
Case Western Reserve University professors call for regulation of electronic health records
U.S. Department of State taps IBM to extend telemedicine's reach to remote regions of Pakistan
 
Grid for Health
 
InforSense collaborates with GlaxoSmithKline and industry innovators to enable virtual drug discovery
ASU supercomputer provides massive computational boost to biomedical research at TGen
Put the protein pieces together with algorithms: Solving 'the mass spec data mess'
Complete Genomics launches to become world's first large-scale human genome sequencing company
Medical data 'Internet' goes live to boost research in Australia
 
Healthcare compunetics
 
Gearworks announces Appmosphere application for location-based mobile health care
TeleMedik Innova Health Solutions to offer Life:WIRE's innovative mobile health management solution for patients with chronic conditions
Field-hospital-on-a-chip project awarded to nano-engineer from UC San Diego
RS TechMedic BV announces launch of iPhone Telemedicine Application for heart problems
GenerationOne and University of Miami collaborate to advance mobile health care through innovative technologies and enhanced clinical decision support
 
Industrial Chemist's Corner
 
Study shows Given Imaging PillCam ESO reduces prison health care costs by 90% for cirrhotic patients
Telehealth solutions from American TeleCare Inc. support Heart Failure Management Study in Canada
Howard University Hospital offers NoMoreClipboard.com PHR
TGen spin-off MedTrust Online enables cancer doctors to quickly obtain best-available treatment information
Simulution relies on SensAble Technologies' haptic devices to create touch-enabled orthopaedic surgery simulator
 
Planet Europe in Action
 
Smart fabrics make clever medical clothing
Smart fabrics, the new black
Optimized radiation for prostate cancer therapy
Impressions from the Eleventh European Health Forum Gastein
Carestream Health builds technical infrastructure for EU-funded R-Bay project
 
The 21st century hospital
 
Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA launches programme in nanopaediatrics
Nortel health care solution to support Jan Yperman Hospital, King Fahad Medical City and Sharjah Teaching Hospital
Tri-City Medical Center and Awarepoint Corporation announce medical centre-wide RFID asset tracking system
National Jewish Health researchers evaluating treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier
La Maestra Community Health Centers expands telemedicine programme
 
Virtual snap shots
 
National Cancer Institute awards Ascension SBIR Grant to support cancer intervention
Human protein atlas will help pinpoint disease
Audio Video Supply launches range of imaging products for medical applications
John Hopkins University chemists devise self-assembling 'organic wires'
Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists
 
VMWC news bites
 
The skeleton of the European Virtual Human is made in Italy
Sensitive ultrasound to spot early-stage cancer
TheVisualMD.com launches new animated 3D views of human body in action
Could Dr. House be replaced by a computer?
Ultrasound shown to exert remote control of brain circuits
 

Leads November 2008 Issue

 
Cross-Atlantic state-of-the-art
 
Centre established to offer on-line medical education and videoconferencing to world's physicians
Full ArticleThe University System of Ohio is soon to be a global hub for on-line medical education and videoconferencing following a decision to fund the creation of a resource centre in Columbus. The Ohio Telehealth Video Resource Center will establish Ohio as a centre of excellence worldwide in videoconferencing technologies and, at the same time, contribute to the improved health and well-being of countless people throughout world, according to Ohio Governor Ted Strickland.
Human Microbiome Project awards funds for technology development, data analysis and ethical research
Full ArticleThe National Institutes of Health (NIH) have introduced the first awards for the Human Microbiome Project, which will lay a foundation for efforts to explore how complex communities of microbes interact with the human body to influence health and disease. The funding, estimated to be up to approximately $21,2 million, will support the development of innovative technologies and computational tools, co-ordination of data analysis and an examination of some of the ethical, legal and social implications of human microbiome research.
Georgetown University Medical Center and Oak Ridge National Labs announce unique research partnership
Full ArticleGeorgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have signed an agreement between the institutions that formalizes their research relationship and will help facilitate additional biomedical research - particularly in the areas of structural biology, systems genetics, biomarkers, computational biology, and radiation biology.
Case Western Reserve University professors call for regulation of electronic health records
Full ArticleCost and security concerns about bringing health care record keeping into the 21st century through electronic health records (EHR) have led to a call for an effective regulatory and oversight system from a pair of Case Western Reserve University professors. "Electronic information can be illicitly accessed from anywhere and transmitted across the globe quickly, cheaply, and with little risk of detection", stated Sharona Hoffman, professor of law and bio-ethics at the School of Law. "EHR systems could transform health care in the United States, but their potential will be realized only with careful oversight."
U.S. Department of State taps IBM to extend telemedicine's reach to remote regions of Pakistan
Full ArticleMunir is five years old, and he lives in a ruggedly remote, rural village in Northern Pakistan. For months, he has suffered from an aggressive and worsening skin lesion that, for want of medical care, has gone untreated. But now, his fortunes have changed for the better - as they have for a growing number of Pakistanis in the region. Today, as his relieved father would quickly tell you, Munir is on the road to full recovery.
 
Grid for Health
 
InforSense collaborates with GlaxoSmithKline and industry innovators to enable virtual drug discovery
Full ArticleInforSense Ltd., a provider of next generation business and scientific intelligence tools, has successfully completed a pilot project at world leading pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) to enable virtual drug discovery through virtual outsourcing of data analysis via secure Grid technology. The project is sponsored by SIMDAT - a programme funded by the European Commission under the Information Society Technologies Programme (IST) designed to test and enhance Grid data technology for product development and production process design.
ASU supercomputer provides massive computational boost to biomedical research at TGen
Full ArticleIn less time than the blink of an eye, the Translational Genomics Research Institute's new supercomputer at Arizona State University (ASU) can do operations equal to every dollar in the recent Wall Street bailout. That would be 700 billion computations in less than 1/60th of a second, according to Dan Stanzione, director of the High Performance Computing Initiative at ASU's Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering.
Put the protein pieces together with algorithms: Solving 'the mass spec data mess'
Full ArticleA new proteomics project promises to revolutionize routine blood tests, vaccine development, cancer diagnostics, and many other important biomedical challenges. University of California San Diego (UCSD) engineers and scientists have received a five-year $4,94 million grant from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to develop algorithms and software for deciphering all the proteins that are present in biological samples. This "proteomics" work is led by Pavel Pevzner, a UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering computer science professor.
Complete Genomics launches to become world's first large-scale human genome sequencing company
Full ArticleComplete Genomics Inc., a third-generation human genome sequencing company, has formally launched as the world's first provider of large-scale human genome sequencing services. The company, which was established in March 2006, has been operating in "stealth mode" from a 32.000 square-foot facility near San Francisco. For the past two and a half years, Complete Genomics has been reinventing the process of DNA sequencing based on pioneering technology invented by its founders and refined by a team of 100 employees with expertise in DNA engineering, molecular biology, instrumentation, semiconductors and high-performance computing. The convergence of these fields in Silicon Valley has allowed Complete Genomics to sequence its first complete human genome, providing proof-of-concept for its disruptive new technology and demonstrating the high accuracy and low cost of its approach.
Medical data 'Internet' goes live to boost research in Australia
Full ArticleMedical and life scientists will be able to share information collected from many thousands of cases thanks to a digital network being launched at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra. The ANU node of BioGrid is being launched at the John Curtin School of Medical Research, Garran Road, ANU by Senator Kate Lundy.
 
Healthcare compunetics
 
Gearworks announces Appmosphere application for location-based mobile health care
Full ArticleGearworks, a provider of location-based mobile business applications, has introduced OnCare by Gearworks, a location-based solution for mobile health care, at the annual conference of the National Association of Home Care and Hospice (NAHC) in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Gearworks expects to begin beta testing OnCare in quarter 4 with a commercial release in the first quarter of 2009.
TeleMedik Innova Health Solutions to offer Life:WIRE's innovative mobile health management solution for patients with chronic conditions
Full ArticleLife:WIRE Corporation, an international, mobile communications and health information solution provider, based in Toronto, Canada and Annapolis, Maryland has signed a strategic partnership with TeleMedik Innova Health Solutions, an international medical management and telephone triage company headquartered in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Through Life:WIRE's patent-pending, interactive cell phone solution for patients with care management and medication adherence needs, TeleMedik can deliver a wide variety of interactive text message reminders in any language - Spanish and English initially - that is personalized to each patient's specific health needs.
Field-hospital-on-a-chip project awarded to nano-engineer from UC San Diego
Full ArticleWith a $1,6 million grant from the United States Office of Naval Research (ONR), University of California (UC) San Diego NanoEngineering professor Joseph Wang will lead a project to create a "field hospital on a chip" that soldiers can wear on the battlefield. The automated sense-and-treat system will continuously monitor a soldier's sweat, tears or blood for biomarkers that signal common battlefield injuries such as trauma, shock, brain injury or fatigue. Once the system detects a battlefield injury, it will automatically administer the proper medication, thus beginning the treatment well before the soldier has reached a field hospital.
RS TechMedic BV announces launch of iPhone Telemedicine Application for heart problems
Full ArticleRS TechMedic BV, a Dutch based company with eight years experience in medical device development, has released their iPhone Telemedicine Application - Dyna-Vision. With this iPhone Telemedicine Application physicians can monitor vital signs of ambulant and home-care patients at any time from anywhere. This product offers a significant increase of patient comfort, fast recognition of heart problems and a reduction of hospital and health care cost.
GenerationOne and University of Miami collaborate to advance mobile health care through innovative technologies and enhanced clinical decision support
Full ArticleGenerationOne Inc. and researchers from the University of Miami (UM) Miller School Of Medicine and the College of Engineering have initiated joint development to leverage mobile health care technologies and telemedicine to contribute to the care of individuals with chronic diseases. A primary focus of the relationship will be advancing the GenerationOne mobile health solution, which uses mobile technology and proprietary phones to engage individuals in the active management of their chronic conditions and wellness. Advanced scripts and disease management protocols developed in collaboration with the University will deliver clinical decision support through GenerationOne's solution to guide and monitor individuals throughout their daily care routines.
 
Industrial Chemist's Corner
 
Study shows Given Imaging PillCam ESO reduces prison health care costs by 90% for cirrhotic patients
Full ArticleGiven Imaging Ltd. has published data from a pilot study that demonstrate the company's PillCam capsule endoscopy of the esophagus can significantly reduce health care costs in a prison population through on-site evaluation of esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients. Results were presented at Poster Session II of the Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) 2008, which took place in Orlando, Florida, October 3 to 8, 2008. The company has also launched RAPID 5 Access, new software that facilitates physicians' reading PillCam videos anytime, anywhere with the most advanced software tools. This new software also enables network-based storage of PillCam studies and the import and export of patient data to and from electronic medical record systems.ʠ
Telehealth solutions from American TeleCare Inc. support Heart Failure Management Study in Canada
Full ArticleAmerican TeleCare Inc.'s (ATI) InLife and LifeView Telehealth Systems are now in use to implement a heart failure outcomes study in Atlantic Canada. "A Strategy of Home Telehealth for the Management of Heart Failure" (STARTEL) aims to transform heart failure management across Canada from crisis response to pro-active intervention. STARTEL is evaluating telehealth supported care management of heart failure patients at home to determine whether this model improves clinical care and outcomes. The study is currently underway out of the Capital District Health Authority in Halifax, Nova Scotia in partnership with Atlantic Health Sciences Corporation in Southwestern New Brunswick, part of Regional Health Authority B.
Howard University Hospital offers NoMoreClipboard.com PHR
Full ArticleNoMoreClipboard.com, an on-line PHR company, is working with Howard University Hospital to offer personal health records to diabetic patients in the Washington, D.C. area. This programme is part of an initiative by the Howard University Hospital Diabetes Treatment Center to offer community-based diabetes testing and treatment to underserved residents in the five city wards with the highest incidence of the disease.
TGen spin-off MedTrust Online enables cancer doctors to quickly obtain best-available treatment information
Full ArticleTGen has spun off its third company: MedTrust Online, a reliable one-stop medical information source for oncologists. The for-profit, privately held MedTrust Online draws on a variety of data sources, including genetic-based medical discoveries by the non-profit, Phoenix-based Translational Genomics Research Institute. Scottsdale-based MedTrust Online aims to provide oncologists with the knowledge they need to design the best tailor-made treatments for individual patients.
Simulution relies on SensAble Technologies' haptic devices to create touch-enabled orthopaedic surgery simulator
Full ArticleSimulution, a provider of medical training solutions using virtual reality and other advanced technologies, has launched the debut of a haptically-enabled orthopaedic surgery simulator that uses haptic - touch-enabled - devices and a software toolkit from SensAble Technologies Inc. The system helps doctors train and develop expertise on a specific spinal implant technology in a realistic computer-based environment without exposing doctors to prolonged radiation - a downside to current cadaver-based training - and with zero risk to the patient. The companies made the announcement at the 23rd annual meeting of the North American Spine Society (NASS) in Toronto.
 
Planet Europe in Action
 
Smart fabrics make clever medical clothing
Full ArticleEuropean researchers have developed a smart fabric that can monitor muscular overload and help prevent repetitive strain injury or RSI. But that is just the beginning. The team is also exploring a pregnancy belt to monitor baby's heartbeat, clothing to help coach hockey, and shirts that monitor muscle fatigue during training.
Smart fabrics, the new black
Full ArticleSmart fabrics and intelligent textiles - material that incorporates cunning molecules or clever electronics - is thriving and European research efforts are tackling some of the sector's toughest challenges. Clothes that monitor your heart, measure the chemical composition of your body fluids or keep track of you and your local environment promise to revolutionise health care and emergency response, but they present tough research challenges, too.
Optimized radiation for prostate cancer therapy
Full ArticleThe determination of the precise anatomical location of a tumour is the prerequisite for setting optimal parameters for radiation treatment of prostate cancer. This approach guarantees that the ionizing radiation only destroys tumorous cells and does not affect other organs in the vicinity of the prostate. In a co-operative study with Innsbruck Medical University and the East-Vienna Center of Social Medicine, two physicists of Vienna University of Technology (TU), evaluated the mean deviation of radiation parameters for prostate cancers and compared various sources of radiation.
Impressions from the Eleventh European Health Forum Gastein
Full ArticleThis year's European Health Forum Gastein (EHFG) showed a new record in the number of participants. With 620 participants from 45 countries, the 11th edition of the most important health policy event in the European Union has exceeded even the peak figure at the anniversary event last year. The EHFG 2008 took place from 1 to 4 October in Bad Hofgastein. This year, as well, a large number of prominent European health policy representatives were scheduled to attend, in particular European Union (EU) Health Commissioner Androulla Vassiliou along with several ministers, secretaries of state and leading representatives from the World Health Organization (WHO). The host country of Austria was represented by Health Minister Andrea Kdolsky and Salzburg Governor Gabriele Burgstaller.
Carestream Health builds technical infrastructure for EU-funded R-Bay project
Full ArticleCarestream Health is to provide technical infrastructure to a European Union project that aims to create an Ebay-style on-line market for radiology services. Called R-Bay, the e-TEN project will test the concept and technical components needed to create an on-line marketplace for e-radiology services. The project has eleven partners from eight European countries. Services will be tested in six field trials each consisting of a customer and a clinical provider. Four main radiology services will be tested: e-interpretation, e-processing, e-archiving and e-training.
 
The 21st century hospital
 
Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA launches programme in nanopaediatrics
Full ArticleMattel Children's Hospital, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), has launched the Mattel UCLA NanoPaediatrics Programme, which will explore the future of personalized medicine for children, including the opportunities and risks involved. The programme is one of the world's first dedicated solely to nanomedicine and paediatric patients.
Nortel health care solution to support Jan Yperman Hospital, King Fahad Medical City and Sharjah Teaching Hospital
Full ArticleJan Yperman Hospital, one of Belgium's busiest, most capable and respected health care facilities, has enhanced quality of care while managing costs with the aid of a health care communications solution from Nortel. In addition, King Fahad Medical City, one of the largest health care providers in the Middle East, is enhancing care and managing costs for its four hospitals, 269 primary clinics and more than 650.000 patients annually with a health care solution built on a foundation of Unified Communications-ready technology from Nortel. And when the new Sharjah Teaching Hospital begins accepting patients in 2009, an advanced, clinical-grade health care communications solution from Nortel will help speed diagnosis and treatment, train future health care professionals and manage costs.
Tri-City Medical Center and Awarepoint Corporation announce medical centre-wide RFID asset tracking system
Full ArticleAwarepoint Corporation has performed a medical centre-wide installation of its Real-time Location System (RTLS) at Tri-City Medical Center in Oceanside, California. Following successful deployment in its surgical department, Tri-City Medical Center has now expanded the Zigbee-based Awarepoint RTLS to actively track nearly 1000 medical equipment assets throughout the 515.000 square foot campus.
National Jewish Health researchers evaluating treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier
Full ArticleResearchers at National Jewish Health are testing an investigational treatment to learn if poking holes in the lungs of emphysema patients can immediately help them breathe more easily. Destruction of lung tissue caused by emphysema can leave lungs stiff and overinflated with air that cannot escape. The holes, kept open by small stents inserted during a minimally invasive procedure, could relieve the hyperinflation of the lungs, allowing the healthy parts of the lungs to more easily inflate and take in air.
La Maestra Community Health Centers expands telemedicine programme
Full ArticleContinuing its efforts to provide state-of-the-art medical care to underserved residents of San Diego County, La Maestra Community Health Centers has expanded its telemedicine programme, thanks to a $73.000 grant from Verizon. The grant has been used to purchase new equipment including a camera that can be coupled to specialized medical devices such as dermascopes and ear, nose and throat scopes. The camera allows physicians at facilities elsewhere in the county to perform more thorough examinations of patients at La Maestra's clinic in the City Heights neighbourhood. Images are transmitted over secure point-to-point connections to ensure patient confidentiality.
 
Virtual snap shots
 
National Cancer Institute awards Ascension SBIR Grant to support cancer intervention
Full ArticleAscension Technology, in collaboration with the Center for Integration of Medicine and Innovative Technology (CIMIT), a consortium of Boston-area teaching hospitals and engineering schools based in Boston, Massachusetts, has been awarded a Phase II Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). It will support the evaluation of Ascension and CIMIT's Image-Guided System that combines magnetic tracking, pre-operative CT imaging, real-time ultrasound and optical imaging with 3D visualization software to guide the diagnosis and surgical treatment of pancreatic cancer.
Human protein atlas will help pinpoint disease
Full ArticleResearchers in Sweden are compiling a remarkable "atlas" that pinpoints the location of thousands of individual proteins in the body's tissues and cells which will give scientists important insights into the function of different proteins and how changes in the distribution of proteins could be reflected in diseases such as cancer. Professor Mathias Uhlén of the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, who is leading the project, stated: "We are trying to map the building blocks of life."
Audio Video Supply launches range of imaging products for medical applications
Full ArticleAudio Video Supply Inc. has introduced a new line of Sony Medical Products and all their components; a new line of NED Line Scan cameras; the new GE-1050/C Industrial Digital Camera; and the new T24MSA001-MD from its new product line.
John Hopkins University chemists devise self-assembling 'organic wires'
Full ArticleFrom pacemakers constructed of materials that so closely mimic human tissues that a patient's body can't discern the difference to devices that bypass injured spinal cords to restore movement to paralyzed limbs, the possibilities presented by organic electronics read like something from a science fiction novel.
Sensitive nanowire disease detectors made by Yale scientists
Full ArticleYale scientists have created nanowire sensors coupled with simple microprocessor electronics that are both sensitive and specific enough to be used for point-of-care (POC) disease detection, according to a report in Nano Letters (8(10): 3310-3314 - October 1, 2008). The sensors use activation of immune cells by highly specific antigens - signatures of bacteria, viruses or cancer cells - as the detector. When T cells are activated, they produce acid, and generate a tiny current in the nanowire electronics, signaling the presence of a specific antigen. The system can detect as few as 200 activated cells.
 
VMWC news bites
 
The skeleton of the European Virtual Human is made in Italy
Full ArticleIn 2007 the European Commission (EC) launched a new initiative on Research called "Virtual Physiological Human" which aims to develop a new generation of medical technologies, capable of generating patient-specific computer models that predict the disease status, its evolution over time, or the best treatment for the particular patient's conditions. The selection was severe: of 300 proposals the EC received only 15 were funded; of them, the only one dealing with the musculo-skeletal apparatus was submitted by the international consortium VPHOP, co-ordinated by the Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute in Bologna, Italy.
Sensitive ultrasound to spot early-stage cancer
Full ArticleEuropean researchers have developed highly sensitive ultrasound equipment that can detect tiny quantities of reflective microbubbles engineered to stick to specific tumour cells. The technique should pick up tumours early and improve patients' chances of survival. Most of the current diagnostic methods - biopsy analysis, biochemical tests and medical imaging - are not sufficiently sensitive. They frequently return a false negative; the tumour is only discovered when it is much bigger, and too late.
TheVisualMD.com launches new animated 3D views of human body in action
Full ArticlePeople around the world will soon have access to a powerful new type of medical information - a 3D visual exploration of the cardiovascular system created from the seamless integration of state-of-the-art medical imaging and computer-generated animations. TheVisualMD.com, the latest effort from Alexander Tsiaras' Anatomical Travelogue, will allow users to view the heart as it grows into a complex network of arteries and veins and as it becomes infected with disease. TheVisualMD.com site will expand in 2009 to include anatomical visualizations of disease states such as asthma, depression, chronic kidney disease, anemia, arthritis, osteoporosis, colon cancer and oral care, allowing professionals to access content for patient education and patients to engage in a rich visual experience that will lead to greater understanding and compliance.
Could Dr. House be replaced by a computer?
Full ArticleScientists know that different normal and diseased tissues behave differently. But a method that tells them just how they do so may one day give medical science a new way to fight obesity, hypertension, diabetes and other dangerous disorders of the metabolism. Until now, scientists had to rely on basic observations at the cellular level, since they lacked information about the metabolic processes of individual organs, such as the liver, heart and brain. But a new computational approach developed by computer scientists Tomer Shlomi, Moran Cabili and Professor Eytan Ruppin from the Blavatnik School of Computer Science at Tel Aviv University may help science gain a clearer overall picture of the metabolic processes in our different tissues. Their model could be potentially used in the future to refine the diagnosis of various metabolic-related disorders, aid in treatment and develop new drugs. The results of their research were recently reported in the prestigious journal Nature Biotechnology.
Ultrasound shown to exert remote control of brain circuits
Full ArticleIn a twist on non-traditional uses of ultrasound, a group of neuro-scientists at Arizona State University (ASU) has developed pulsed ultrasound techniques that can remotely stimulate brain circuit activity. Their findings, published in the October 29 issue of the journal Public Library of Science (PLoS) One, provide insights into how low-power ultrasound can be harnessed for the non-invasive neuro-stimulation of brain circuits and offers the potential for new treatments of brain disorders and disease.
 

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