A lack of important consistency is evident from analyses now done with three widely used software packages, according to Dr. Mathews Fish, medical director of nuclear cardiology at the Oregon Heart & Vascular Institute at Sacred Heart. Inconsistencies can occur, for example, he stated, when comparing images done on over time or when results on a patient come from different labs.
Dr. Fish is part of a collaborative research project with Cedars-Sinai that includes a recently awarded grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for the development of an automated high-performance system for analysing cardiac SPECT - three-dimensional - imaging. SPECT stands for single photon emission computed tomography, which uses gamma rays to create pictures of organs and their structures.
The recently published study is believed to be the first head-to-head comparison of the commercially available software used in such cardiac-related diagnostics. Cardiac SPECT is performed in conjunction with stress testing to compare blood flow to the heart muscle when patients are at rest or stressed. The images are analysed using computer software. The new study found significant differences in diagnostic performance and quantification of abnormalities in the state-of-the-art software packages being used for cardiac SPECT imaging.
Because of its high diagnostic accuracy in determining the presence of significant coronary artery disease and its ability to determine the risk of a heart attack, cardiac SPECT imaging has become a useful tool in the care of patients with suspected heart disease. Important management and treatment decisions are based not only on whether the test is abnormal, but also the degree of the abnormality, which is best determined by computer software.
The database used in the study to compare the various results was created and maintained by Santiago Lorenzo of Argentina, a doctoral student in the University of Oregon's department of human physiology. Santiago Lorenzo adapted the results into Microsoft Access. "It was very useful to use since I had to constantly analyse the data in many different ways", he stated. "Having the data organized made my job much easier."
Santiago Lorenzo's participation in the study was done as part of collaboration between the hospital and the University of Oregon's human physiology department. "This study shows the tangible benefits of the Oregon Heart & Vascular Institute's research partnership with the University of Oregon", Dr. Fish stated. "Such research performed locally in our own institutions greatly enhances the quality of medical outcomes and supports the use of the most appropriate and effective technology for the care of patients."
Sacred Heart Medical Center is the largest hospital on the West Coast between Portland and San Francisco. Its new RiverBend campus, which opens in August in nearby Springfield, Oregon, will have the area's only nuclear SPECT/Computed Tomography system, which combines the capabilities of a SPECT CT scanner with a nuclear medicine camera for a more advanced comprehensive evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease.
Co-authors on the study with Dr. Fish and Santiago Lorenzo were Drs. Arik Wolak, Plotr J. Slomka, Wanda Acampa, Daniel S. Berman, all of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and Guido Germano, a researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an expert at SPECT imaging at Cedars-Sinai.
The University of Oregon is a world-class teaching and research institution and Oregon's flagship public university. The University of Oregon is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU), an organisation made up of 62 of the leading public and private research institutions in the United States and Canada. Membership in the AAU is by invitation only. The University of Oregon is one of only two AAU members in the Pacific Northwest.