OpenKnowledge met this challenge by creating a new computer language, crafting smart solutions to the problem of semantic mapping, and finding ways to ensure that partners are reputable. The researchers packaged these capabilities into an open-source software kernel that is now freely available on their website.
"You can go to www.openk.org and download quite a small piece of Java code that will allow you to do this co-ordination and checking and sharing of processes", stated Dave Robertson, OpenKnowledge project co-ordinator. "That's not available anywhere else in the world, as far as I know."
To test - and showcase - the capabilities of the OpenKnowledge system, Dave Robertson's team have applied it in three very different areas: co-ordinating health care services, emergency management, and proteomics research. Dave Robertson hopes that these case studies will inspire people worldwide to utilise OpenKnowledge to forge potent new partnerships across the web.
The OpenKnowledge team responded to the United Kingdom's Grand Challenge Project for information-driven health care with a proposal to "completely change the way patients view the management of their health care pathways". "If you manage your health care in a conventional way", stated Dave Robertson, "you go to your national health service or a private provider, and they'll tell you the pathway you have to follow to get a diagnosis, acquire medicines, or receive treatment. 'Here's the plan; you follow it.'"
The OpenKnowledge approach turns that process on its head. "There are many different pathways out there on the internet", Dave Robertson stated. "You pull one out that has a high reputation, you inspect it, and if you're happy with it, you take it to a health care provider who may help you enact it. So you, the patient, are taking much more responsibility."
Of course, many people already seek health care guidance on the internet. However, that information tends to be disorganised and comes with no guarantees as to its accuracy. In contrast, OpenKnowledge can provide patients with structured information that has been checked for accuracy.
OpenKnowledge is currently working with Cancer Research UK on a project to better manage cancer treatment protocols. "You can say, 'I've found this set of keys that I think would work for me', and see if they will work in the medical care system", stated Dave Robertson. "It's a new way of thinking about the problem."
The OpenKnowledge team are working with emergency response authorities in Trentino, Italy to explore decentralising the command and control process. "Typically, information from people and sensors comes into a control centre, and that centre tries to get information out to people who might need to evacuate, for example", stated Dave Robertson. "You need that kind of control, but what happens if that centralised system breaks down?"
The researchers used OpenKnowledge to model Trentino's centralised control system, and also to model and simulate more distributed systems. "It turns out that we get comparable performance", Dave Robertson stated. "If you were a bus driver trying to evacuate flood victims, you could find out if the road ahead was open even if the control centre were taken out. We can now imagine the decentralised system being used as a back-up when the centralised system fails."
Just as OpenKnowledge can make useful health care choices more widely available, it can help researchers access and analyse the rapidly growing mountain of data on the structure and function of proteins. Working with proteomics researchers, Dave Robertson and his colleagues identified several areas where OpenKnowledge could make a difference.
They found that researchers worldwide relied on a small number of databases. "That puts a lot of stress on those databases and on the people and institutions that curate them", stated Dave Robertson. "They act like a bottleneck." When the OpenKnowledge team assessed the quality of the information in those heavily used databases, they found problems. "Actually, they're of very mixed quality", Dave Robertson stated.
In addition, researchers in different groups found it hard to share data and results with other groups, even when those could be of great value. "One group's garbage might be exactly what another group were looking for", stated Dave Robertson.
OpenKnowledge has helped solve all three of these problems. As more researchers join and use the system, it becomes easier for them to share both raw data and results directly with others. That relieves the pressure on the main databases, while feedback continually improves the quality of the data being shared. "We've linked into an existing proteomics network in Spain, ProteoRed, who are evaluating the system", stated Dave Robertson. "It's no longer just a simulation."
Dave Robertson is encouraged by the demonstrated ability of OpenKnowledge to co-ordinate and add value to endeavours as different as proteomics, emergency management, and health care. Still, what he's really hoping is that inventive people everywhere will ask what OpenKnowledge can do for them. "I'd like to see people use OpenKnowledge to write and use and share keys that would let them unlock and co-ordinate the dynamic information that's on the internet for them, but that until now has been out of reach", he stated.
OpenKnowledge received funding from the ICT strand of the European Union's Sixth Framework Programme for research. More information is available at the OpenKnowledge project website. This article has been reprinted from the ICT Results website.