Empty government coffers reduce the possibility and willingness for government support of the health care system; declining economic output and rising unemployment in turn lead to a decline in contributions to the health insurance schemes. The problem is also intensified by the fact that the economic crisis also encourages unhealthy behavioural patterns - poor nutritional habits, smoking, alcohol, less movement. As a whole, the consequences for socially weak groups are substantially more serious and the health differences between population groups are becoming considerably greater.
The extent of the problem is exemplified by Hungary, which has been especially hard-hit by the crisis. State Secretary for Health Policy Melinda Medgyaszai estimates the decline in health insurance revenues to be HUF 40 billion or the equivalent of 150 million euro, and "for the years from 2010 on we expect even bigger problems". An anticipated rise in mental illnesses resulting from growing unemployment will exacerbate the situation further.
"The crisis is a serious threat to the health care system, but the negative consequences are not inevitable", stated Armin Fidler, the World Bank's chief advisor on health issues. "The problem could be efficiently countered with specific measures in the scope of the various national economic stimulus programmes." Experience from earlier crises shows that spending on general health care is considerably reduced during economic downturns and that afterward it takes a relatively long time before it reaches the former standard again. "Those who allow the crisis to reduce the standard of health care are getting into a long-term problem with potentially catastrophic consequences for the social situation", Armin Fidler stated.
Armin Fidler basically assesses as positive, that substantial parts of the numerous national economic stimulus programmes are devoted to the health care sector. For example, the area of health care accounts for approximately 7,5 percent of the United States economic stimulus package; in Germany it is ten percent of 50 billion euro. What is problematic, however, is that most of the spending will only have an impact in the long term and does not help to safeguard the current health care situation. Thus, in the United States the development of a modern health information system certainly makes sense in the long term and is also an impulse for the IT industry, but it fails to improve the health care situation at this time. The same is true of the German economic stimulus package, whose health care component is largely allocated to the modernisation and building of hospitals. "This supports the labour market and may improve infrastructure in the long term, but it does nothing for the precarious health care situation during the crisis."
Thus Armmin Fidler demands that the portions of the economic stimulus programme devoted to health care focus primarily on safeguarding and improving the current state of health care with health benefits. In the process, the health sector can even finance a significant part of such programmes on its own. "The crisis should also be viewed as an opportunity to implement long overdue reforms and there is enough latitude in which cost cuts are possible without negative consequences for health care."
Austria's Health Minister Alois Stöger underscores how important the preservation of the social network is: "Periods of economic crisis and the related higher unemployment figures have a negative impact on contributions to health insurance schemes. Yet my responsibility as Minister of Health is to guarantee that the health services can be availed in the future as well. This objective applies all the more in times of economic uncertainty, for particularly in times of crisis a health care system financed on the basis of solidarity can and must contribute to more security." And Minister Stöger calls for a cool approach to the subject: "Continually disparaging the health care system is not conducive to reaching the target because it leads to an unnecessary feeling of uncertainty among the people."
Even possible cuts in health-oriented areas in development aid and bilateral support could have negative repercussions on industrialised nations, Armin Fidler fears. Less funds for battling illnesses such as the new flu, bird flu or SARS also pose a potential danger to European countries.
"It is unavoidable that the financial crisis has negative effects on other areas of life and the latest studies being presented at the European Health Forum also show how dramatic these can be", stated EHFG President Günther Leiner. "But it is the task of policymakers to govern where losses can be accepted and where they cannot. In the truest sense of the word quality assurance and access to health services concerns the lives of people and for that reason there should be no question that this area is granted utmost priority. There can be cuts in the area of health care only as a result of rationalisation, but absolutely no cuts in services resulting as a result of rationing."