"Accelerating adoption and utilization of telehealth technologies, telemedicine in particular, will be critical to a successful stakeholder response to the disruptive changes that are underway in health care", stated NRTRC Executive Director Christina B. Thielst, FACHE. "By leveraging telehealth networks and their existing infrastructures, Regional Extension Centers, HIEs and other data-sharing initiatives will be better positioned to fulfil their commitments to the health care delivery system of the future - a system in which even the most rural and remote populations have timely access to care and their health records."
The white paper explores emerging trends and recent disruptors impacting the health care delivery system and examines the opportunities they present for the advancement of telecommunications-based health solutions and the broadband infrastructure available through telehealth networks. It also takes an in-depth look at the various uses of telehealth and the most common delivery models of telemedicine, as well as the role of the telehealth network and Telehealth Resource Centers (TRCs) in expanding the reach of these vital initiatives.
Finally, the white paper highlights the evolution of the REACH Montana Telehealth Network from facilitating tele-radiology at three remote sites into a consortium of health care providers at 18 sites linked by high-bandwidth telecommunications in the north central region of Montana. REACH, which considers HIE to be a primary function, is currently working to leverage its existing T1 infrastructure to create the "railroad tracks" that will carry medical data and information within the region and beyond.
"This white paper is an excellent analysis of the intersection of telehealth and health information technology, and the opportunities and challenges this electronic technology will bring to rural America", stated Terry J. Hill, Executive Director of the Rural Health Resource Center, the Duluth, Minnesota-based national knowledge centre for rural hospitals providing technical assistance, information, education and other resources to rural health care providers and their communities.
Added Christina B. Thielst: "Crossroads is a valuable planning tool for any health care stakeholder, but it is especially important for rural communities wanting to address health information exchange. It is just one of many resources available through the NRTRC to help advance the involvement of teleheatlh networks in HIE initiatives and to help transform the telehealth infrastructure into the 'superhighway' across which remote and rural areas will finally be able to participate in the widespread exchange of electronic health information."
One of five TRCs in the United States, the NRTRC leverages the collective expertise of 33 telehealth networks across Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and United States-affiliated Pacific Islands to share information and resources which assist in the development of new telehealth programmes. The NRTRC is focused on further growth and new provider adoption of telehealth technologies to enhance delivery systems and reduce organisational and patient costs.
Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)'s Office for the Advancement of Telehealth (OAT) was established to serve as an expert in telehealth, a focal point for HRSA's telehealth activities and as a catalyst for the wider adoption of advanced technologies in the provision of health care services and education. The office leads, co-ordinates and promotes the use of telehealth technologies by fostering partnerships within HRSA, and with other Federal agencies, states and private sector groups to create telehealth projects; administering telehealth grant programmes; providing technical assistance; developing distance learning and training programmes; assessing technology investment strategies; evaluating the use of telehealth technologies and programmes; developing telehealth policy initiatives to improve access to quality health services and promoting knowledge exchange about "best telehealth practices".
The NRTRC is a consortium of experienced telehealth networks, governed by a board of directors, serving as an information agent and a telehealth community-building organisation. It was created to facilitate the ongoing development of existing and new telehealth networks through opportunities for education, training, strategic planning and subject matter expertise related to telehealth and telemedicine network creation, growth and maintenance. More NRTRC news can be found in the VMW April 2010 article Telehealth Resource Center selects new executive director.
The NRTRC white paper is available on-line at "The Crossroads of Telehealth, Electronic Health Records & Health Information Exchange: Planning for Rural Communities".