Using the RetCams, the first in Armenia, the visiting international team of ophthalmologists examined more than 50 infants at seven NICUs in Yerevan and operated on five premature infants who suffered from retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). ROP is an eye disease that affects the developing vessels of premature infants between the eighth and ninth month of pregnancy. These abnormal blood vessels grow and spread throughout the retina, the paper thin tissue that lines the back of the eye. In Armenia, each year about 500-600 infants will develop some form of ROP and between 100-200 will become legally blind.
"The five children we treated, who would otherwise have gone blind from ROP, now have a good chance of growing up with functional vision", stated Dr. Lee.
In addition to treating the premature infants, the visiting team held workshops where 200 local physicians learned about the RetCam and how to diagnose and treat ROP with a diode laser. Dr. Lee said the new programme takes the concept of telemedicine to a new level. "In this programme, we will not just be treating patients remotely - we will be training Armenian physicians via the Internet on how to perform complex eye surgery using advanced medical equipment", stated Dr. Lee.
With the remote medical education programme, Armenian doctors will be able to receive training that is the equivalent of a medical residency or fellowship. The doctors will scan the retinas of infants in local NICUs and send the images to The Vision Center at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles via the Internet to experienced retina surgeons like Dr. Lee, who will then review them and discuss appropriate treatment.
The new programme is expected to train eight to ten Armenian physicians every six months. Dr. Lee serves as director of the Retina Institute in The Vision Center and leads one of the most world-renowned surgical initiatives for ROP and other retinal diseases. In recent years ROP has become a major problem in Armenia and other developing countries as the health care infrastructure has advanced, according to Dr. Lee.
"Every year in Armenia, many children are born prematurely, survive due to the NICU, only to grow up blind because of ROP and place economic burdens on their families and state institutions", stated Dr. Lee.
All of these items - the June conference and medical mission, the diode laser, the two RetCam donations and the first phase of the remote medical education programme - were made possible by the Armenian Eye Care Project and Glenda and Luther Khachigian. The Project will continue to fund the programme for the next two years after which it will transition to the stewardship of the Armenian Ministry of Health.
Roger Ohanesian, M.D., a leading Orange County ophthalmologist, founded the AECP in 1992. The Project has made 37 medical missions to Armenia, provided clinicians who have seen more than 250.000 patients and donated $39 million in medicines and medical equipment to local hospitals.
The international team of surgeons also included Dr. Robison V. Paul Chan, Director, Retina Service at Weill Cornell Medical College; Dr. Patrick Walsh, a recognized neonatologist from Anaheim, California; and Dr. James E. Smith, recognized as a world-leader in ROP treatment from Australia.
After originally being developed at Childrens Hospital, the RetCams used by the project are now manufactured by Clarity Medical Systems in Pleasanton, California, and in use at hospitals throughout the United States and Europe.
Founded in 1901, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles is one of the United States' leading children's hospitals and is acknowledged worldwide for its leadership in paediatric and adolescent health. Childrens Hospital Los Angeles is one of only seven children's hospitals in the nation - and the only children's hospital on the West Coast - ranked for two consecutive years in all 10 paediatric specialties in the U.S. News & World Report rankings and named to the magazine's "Honor Roll" of children's hospitals.
The Saban Research Institute at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles is among the largest and most productive paediatric research facilities in the United States, with 100 investigators at work on 186 laboratory studies, clinical trials and community-based research and health services. The Saban Research Institute is ranked eighth in National Institutes of Health funding among children's hospitals in the United States. Childrens Hospital Los Angeles is a premier teaching hospital and has been affiliated with the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California since 1932.